In the process of written composition, a stage at which the style and structure of a text is subordinated to the needs of the reader rather than to those of the writer; also drafts of a text which reflect this feature. Reader-oriented theory: see reader-response theory; reception theory.
What is the meaning of reader response theory?
General Overview. Reader response theory identifies the significant role of the reader in constructing textual meaning. In acknowledging the reader’s essential role, reader response diverges from early text-based views found in New Criticism, or brain-based psychological perspectives related to reading.
What is the basic idea of the reader response theory?
reader-response theorists share two beliefs: 1) that the role of the reader cannot be omitted from our understanding of literature and 2) that readers do not passively consume the meaning presented to them by an objective literary text; rather they actively make the meaning they find in literature” (154).
How do you use Reader Response Theory?
Apply the reader-response methodology to works of literature. Engage in the writing process of a peer writer, including peer review. Review and evaluate a variety of reader-response papers by peer writers. Draft and revise a reader-response paper on a literary work.
What is the role of the reader in reader response theory?
Reader-response theory recognizes the reader as an active agent who imparts “real existence” to the work and completes its meaning through interpretation. It stands in total opposition to the theories of formalism and the New Criticism, in which the reader’s role in re-creating literary works is ignored.
Why is Reader Response Theory important?
The significance of Reader Response theory is that any and every text needs an audience or reader to give it meaning. Interplay and revision ultimately lead to the reader’s interpretation and experience of the text, whether that is positive or negative. Different texts allow for a range of interpretation.
What is Reader Response PDF?
Reader-response theory is based on the assumption that a literary work takes place in the mutual relationship between the reader and the text. According to this theory, the meaning is constructed through a transaction between the reader and the text within a particular context.
What is the main focus of reader response approach?
The reader-response critic’s job is to examine the scope and variety of reader reactions and analyze the ways in which different readers, sometimes called “interpretive communities,” make meaning out of both purely personal reactions and inherited or culturally conditioned ways of reading.
What are the 3 purposes of reader response approach?
The Purpose of Reader-Response Thus, the purpose of a reading response is examining, explaining, and defending your personal reaction to a text.
Why is the reader important in reader response criticism?
Reader-response criticism allows readers to interpret the text in various ways. Allows readers to bring personality traits, memories of the past and present experiences to the text. Forces the readers to look past the words of the text, and search for deeper meanings.
What are the five types of reader response theory?
Results: Reader-response theory could be categorized into several modes including: 1) “ Transactional” approach used by Louise Rosenblatt and Wolfgang Iser 2) “Historical context” favored by Hans Robert Juass 3) “Affective stylistics” presented by Stanley Fish 4) “Psychological” approach employed by Norman Holland 5) “
How does Wolfgang Iser envision the reader?
Iser is known for his reader-response criticism in literary theory. In his approach to reader-response theory, Iser describes the process of first reading, the subsequent development of the text into a ‘whole’, and how the dialogue between the reader and text takes place.
Why must readers critically examine the text on the literature?
It is important to read critically. Critical reading requires you to evaluate the arguments in the text. This also means being aware of your opinions and assumptions (positive and negative) of the text you are reading so you can evaluate it honestly.
What is historical and reader response?
Reader Response Criticism – History and Purpose. Reader response criticism, in modern academics, is another literary theory, focusing on the audiences or readers’ experience of any literary work. The theory gained popularity because of its contrastive ideology.