Test Overview An arterial blood gases (ABG) test measures the acidity (pH) and the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood from an artery. This test is used to find out how well your lungs are able to move oxygen into the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.
What do blood gases tell you?
Blood gases are a group of tests that are performed together to measure the pH and the amount of oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) present in a sample of blood, usually from an artery, in order to evaluate lung function and help detect an acid-base imbalance that could indicate a respiratory, metabolic or kidney
What are normal ABG levels?
Normal Results Partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2): 75 to 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), or 10.5 to 13.5 kilopascal (kPa) Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2): 38 to 42 mm Hg (5.1 to 5.6 kPa) Arterial blood pH: 7.38 to 7.42. Oxygen saturation (SaO2): 94% to 100%
Is arterial blood Gas Necessary?
An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) measures the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood to see how well your lungs are working. It also measures the acid-base balance in the blood. Your kidneys and lungs keep this acid-base balance. You need this for the enzyme systems in your body to work at their best.
When do you need ABGS?
Check for severe breathing and lung problems such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or obstructive sleep apnea. Check how treatments for your lung problems are working. Check whether you need extra oxygen or other help with breathing. Check your acid-base balance.
What is the most common blood gas disturbance?
In a critical care setting metabolic acidosis is the most frequent acid-base disturbance and the most common cause is increased production of the metabolic acid, lactic acid.
What are the two most important blood gases?
Oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are the most important respiratory gases, and their partial pressures in arterial blood reflect the overall adequacy of gas exchange. Pao2 is affected by age and altitude.
What is a good blood gas number?
The following are normal ranges for results of a blood gas test: pH: 7.35–7.45. partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2): 80–100 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) partial pressure of carbon dioxide: 35–45 mmHg.
How do you treat an ABG test?
Treatment is targeted to the cause. Bronchodilator medications may be given to correct some forms of airway obstruction. If your blood oxygen level is too low, you may require oxygen. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation or a breathing machine may be necessary.
How is ABG test done?
As blood passes through your lungs, oxygen moves into the blood while carbon dioxide moves out of the blood into the lungs. An ABG test uses blood drawn from an artery, where the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels can be measured before they enter body tissues. An ABG measures: Partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2).
How can you tell the difference between arterial and venous blood gases?
ABGs can be more difficult to obtain, are more painful and require arterial puncture that risks complications. A peripheral venous blood gas (VBG) can be obtained as the nurse obtains IV access upon patient arrival, requiring no additional sticks or risk of arterial injury.
What is the difference between venous blood and arterial blood?
Arterial blood is the oxygenated blood in the circulatory system found in the pulmonary vein, the left chambers of the heart, and in the arteries. It is bright red in color, while venous blood is dark red in color (but looks purple through the translucent skin). It is the contralateral term to venous blood.
How long does an arterial blood gas test take?
Gauze will be held on the site to help stop bleeding. You may also be given a bandage. This test takes about 5 to 10 minutes.
Why is ABG so painful?
How does having an arterial blood gases (ABG) test feel? Collecting blood from an artery is more painful than collecting it from a vein. That’s because the arteries are deeper and are surrounded by nerves. You may feel light-headed, faint, dizzy, or nauseated while the blood is being taken from your artery.