When was australia discovered

While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

When was Australia discovered?

  • The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606. Twenty-nine other Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts in the 17th century, and dubbed the continent New Holland. Dutch explorer Frederick de Houtman discovered extensive coral reefs off the coast of Western Australia in 1619, naming them Houtman Abrolhos, abrolhos being a Portuguese word meaning ‘look out’.

The Australian Aborigines were the first people to discover Australia. They did so about 50,000 years ago. The first European to discover Australia was Willem Janszoon on 26 February 1606. But this isn’t the full story.

When was Australia first discovered?


Why was Australia discovered so late?

The reasons for the delay in initially discovering Australia , then mapping it and then settling in it are: Exploration was all about trade. For millenia, the lucrative trade between Europe and Asia had gone overland through the silk road or through the Persian Gulf.

What was Australia called before 1901?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies— New South Wales , Victoria, Queensland, South Australia , Western Australia and Tasmania —united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.

What was Australia called in 1788?

After the Dutch era Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales . With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales .

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Is Australia owned by England?

The six colonies federated in 1901 and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed as a Dominion of the British Empire. Until 1949, Britain and Australia shared a common nationality code. The final constitutional ties between the United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986.

Who first found Australia?

Captain Arthur Phillip

Who found America?


What is Australia best known for?

Australia is world famous for its natural wonders and wide open spaces, its beaches, deserts, “the bush”, and “the Outback”. Australia is one of the world’s most highly urbanised countries; it is well known for the attractions of its large cities such as Sydney , Melbourne , Brisbane , and Perth .

Did the Chinese discover Australia?

The Chinese discovery of Australia Admiral Hong Bao’s fleet sailed to the southwest tip of Australia via the southern tip of South America and the Indian Ocean Islands of Heard and Kerguelen. Admiral Zhou Man sailed from the north coast of Peru, on the west coast of South America, to Fraser Island, north of Brisbane.

What do aboriginals call Australia?

The Aboriginal word for Australia is “Indigenous”. The term “Indigenous” is increasingly replacing the term “ Aboriginal ”, as the former is recognized internationally, for instance with the United Nations’ Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. However, the term Aboriginal is still used and accepted.

When was it legal to shoot an Aboriginal in Australia?

“In November 1828 the Governor introduced martial law against Aboriginal people in the settled districts, effectively giving the military the power to shoot on sight any Aborigine found there.”

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Why Australia is called Down Under?

Australia is a continent, a country and an island! It is nicknamed the “Land Down Under ” because it is below the equator. Australia is made up of six states and two territories but the only country in Australia is Australia ! Australia is the smallest continent. The Outback is in central Australia .

Is Australia still a British colony?

Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain , Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia , though she doesn’t directly rule it.

What is the nickname for Australia?

the land Down Under

Why did the Dutch not claim Australia?

The reason the Dutch didn’t make a claim to Australia was because the part they saw – the western and north-western coast – was mostly uninhabitable. It was only much later, when Captain James Cook mapped the east coast of Australia , that Europeans learned that this mysterious southern land had fertile areas. Australia