What Did Raymond Cattell Believe?
Raymond Cattell Personality, he believed, was not just some unknowable and untestable mystery. It was something that could be studied and organized. Through scientific study, human characteristics and behaviors could be predicted based on underlying personality traits.
What is Cattell’s theory?
Cattell analyzed the T-data and Q-data using a mathematical technique called factor analysis to look at which types of behavior tended to be grouped together in the same people. He identified 16 personality traits / factors common to all people. Cattell made a distinction between source and surface traits.
What did Raymond Cattell believe about intelligence?
Cattell theorized the existence of fluid and crystallized intelligence to explain human cognitive ability, investigated changes in Gf and Gc over the lifespan, and constructed the Culture Fair Intelligence Test to minimize the bias of written language and cultural background in intelligence testing.
What is Raymond Cattell best known for?
According to Raymond Cattell, personality is a pattern of traits and that helps to understand his personality and predict his behaviour. Traits are permanent and build the personality of an individual.
What personality test did Raymond B Cattell create?
The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) is a self-report personality test developed over several decades of empirical research by Raymond B. Cattell, Maurice Tatsuoka and Herbert Eber.
How important is the source trait according to Cattell?
Source traits must be inferred through statistical techniques, such as factor analysis, whereas surface traits can be observed directly. According to Cattell, source traits can be considered the “building blocks” of personality and are responsible for the surface traits seen in individuals.
What approach did Cattell use?
Raymond Cattell is known for using factor analytic methods, rather than more subjective or qualitative methods, to explore personality traits. He was a pioneer of using factor analysis to study behaviors.
What did Raymond Cattell contribution to psychology?
Psychologist Raymond Cattell is best known for his 16-factor personality model, developing the concept of fluid versus crystallized intelligence, and working with factor and multivariate analysis.
What is are Raymond Cattell’s contribution s to the study of intelligence?
Cattell theorized the existence of fluid and crystallized intelligences to explain human cognitive ability. He authored the Culture Fair Intelligence Test to minimize the bias of written language and cultural background in intelligence testing.
What is Gordon Allport’s trait theory?
Gordon Allport’s Trait Theory Cardinal traits: Allport suggested that cardinal traits are rare, and dominate, usually developing later in life. Terms such as “intelligent,” “honest,” “shy,” and “anxious” are considered central traits. Secondary traits: Secondary traits are sometimes related to attitudes or preferences.
What is a surface trait?
Surface traits are personality elements that can be directly observed, in contrast to source traits, which must be inferred through statistical methods.
What are the features of cattles theory?
He classified traits in to four categories namely Common traits, Unique traits, Surface traits and Source traits. The trait found widely distributed in general population like honesty, aggression and cooperation.
How does Cattell’s concept of personality traits differ from Allport’s view of traits?
Allport classified traits subjectively, while Cattell used a statistical approach. b. Allport classified traits statistically, while Cattell used a subjective approach.
What did Cattell mean by the concept of Subsidiation?
SUBSIDIATION • The ergs and sentiments are related to our attitude through the concept of subsidiation, which means that within the personality some elements subsidiate or subordinate to, other elements. • Attitudes are subsidiary to sentiments; sentiments are subsidiary to ergs.
How did Cattell narrow his theory down to 16 personality traits?
He then used a statistical technique known as factor analysis to identify traits that are related to one another. With this method, he was able to whittle his list to 16 key personality factors.