Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart valves have been permanently damaged by rheumatic fever. The heart valve damage may start shortly after untreated or under-treated streptococcal infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever.
What is rheumatoid Carditis?
Carditis: inflammation of the heart muscle and heart tissue. Carditis can cause a rapid heart rate, fatigue, shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. This is the most serious of the symptoms and may have long-term effects on health. Carditis occurs in approximately 50 percent of those who have rheumatic fever.
Is rheumatic carditis curable?
There is no cure for rheumatic heart disease and the damage to the heart valves are permanent. Patients with severe rheumatic heart disease will often require surgery to replace or repair the damages valve or valves.
What organs are affected by rheumatic heart disease?
RHD can damage any part of the heart including the valves, the lining of the heart or the heart muscle, but more often damages the heart valves, especially those on the left side of the heart. Stopping episodes of recurrent ARF can prevent rheumatic heart disease.
How long does rheumatic heart disease last?
Inflammation caused by rheumatic fever can last a few weeks to several months. In some cases, the inflammation causes long-term complications. Rheumatic fever can cause permanent damage to the heart (rheumatic heart disease).
How is Carditis diagnosed?
Patients with carditis may present with shortness of breath, dyspnea upon exertion, cough, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, chest pain, and/or orthopnea. Carditis may also be asymptomatic and may be diagnosed solely via auscultation or echocardiography.
Is rheumatic heart disease fatal?
Rheumatic heart disease is a chronic, disabling and sometimes fatal disease that is entirely preventable.
What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart?
What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?
- Swollen, tender, red and extremely painful joints — particularly the knees and ankles.
- Nodules (lumps under the skin)
- Red, raised, lattice-like rash, usually on the chest, back, and abdomen.
- Shortness of breath and chest discomfort.
What happens if rheumatic heart disease is left untreated?
If left untreated, rheumatic heart disease can lead to heart valve damage, stroke, heart failure, and death.
Does rheumatic heart disease require surgery?
Although the majority of rheumatic valve disease cases are only mildly affected,  a minority progress to more severe disease requiring valve surgery . The options for surgical management of rheumatic valve disease are valve repair or replacement with either a bioprosthetic or mechanical prosthesis.
What food should not to eat if you have rheumatic heart disease?
Foods to Avoid When Living with a Rheumatic Disease
- Tobacco. Although not a food, consuming tobacco via smoking or chewing is highly detrimental to rheumatic diseases.
- Alcohol. Over accumulation of uric acid can contribute to gout.
- Processed Sugar.
- Processed Foods.
What is the most common serious complication of rheumatic heart disease?
The major cause of death and disability from RHD is heart failure. Over time, scarred and damaged heart valves make it impossible for the heart to pump blood effectively. Without a well-functioning heart, fluid builds up in the lungs and body, causing symptoms like breathlessness, swelling and fatigue.
Which valve is most commonly affected by rheumatic heart disease?
Rheumatic heart disease most commonly affects the mitral valve (which has only two leaflets; Figure 2) or the aortic valve, but any valve can be affected, and more than one can be involved.
What are the complications of rheumatic heart disease?
Some complications of rheumatic heart disease include:
- Heart failure. This can occur from either a severely narrowed or leaking heart valve.
- Bacterial endocarditis. This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart.
- Complications of pregnancy and delivery due to heart damage.
- Ruptured heart valve.
What are rheumatic conditions?
Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that cause your immune system to attack your joints, muscles, bones and organs. Rheumatic diseases are often grouped under the term “arthritis” — which is used to describe over 100 diseases and conditions.
Is rheumatic fever curable?
Rheumatic fever doesn’t have a cure, but treatments can manage the condition. Getting a precise diagnosis soon after symptoms show up can prevent the disease from causing permanent damage. Severe complications are rare. When they occur, they may affect the heart, joints, nervous system or skin.