On 1 July 1997 sovereignty over the British colony of Hong Kong will be formally transferred to China. The handover has raised questions about the capacity of the territory to continue its economic success and maintain the political freedoms and rule of law enjoyed under British rule.
- The Hong Kong handover, domestically known as the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, was the formal passing of authority over the territory of the then colony of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People’s Republic of China at midnight on 1 July 1997. This event ended 156 years of British rule in the former colony.
When did China take over Hong Kong from the British?
Handover. On July 1, 1997, the lease ended and the government of Great Britain transferred control of British Hong Kong and the surrounding territories to the People’s Republic of China.
What was the agreement between China and Britain about Hong Kong?
Hong Kong is a former British colony, which was handed back to China in 1997. But before Hong Kong was returned, the UK and China made an agreement to introduce “one country, two systems”. It was agreed that Hong Kong’s capitalist system, which was different to China’s communist model, would continue.
Did China take over Hong Kong?
On 1 July 1997, Hong Kong was handed over to Communist China by the United Kingdom. The old Legislative Council, elected under Chris Patten’s reforms, was replaced by the Provisional Legislative Council elected by a selection committee whose members were appointed by the PRC government.
When did China conquer Hong Kong?
Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule.
Could Britain have kept Hong Kong?
If it had been feasible, the United Kingdom could have retained Hong Kong Island and Kowloon and returned only the New Territories to China. Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were formally ceded by China to the British, and thus they belonged to Britain outright under international law.
Why did the British not rule China?
Although British did not conquer China territoriality, however they defeated the Chinese in the two opium wars, which gave the British free access to narcotic trade to China. The first opium war led to the treaty of Nanking, and annexation of Hong Kong. People of China considers defeat of opium wars as shameful.
Does China own Hong Kong?
Hong Kong exists as a Special Administrative Region controlled by The People’s Republic of China and enjoys its own limited autonomy as defined by the Basic Law. The principle of “one country, two systems” allows for the coexistence of socialism and capitalism under “one country,” which is mainland China.
Why did the UK take Hong Kong?
During the First Opium War, China cedes the island of Hong Kong to the British with the signing of the Chuenpi Convention, an agreement seeking an end to the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic and political affairs.
Why did Hong Kong return to China?
The Opium War of 1839-1842 saw the British Empire use military force to impose the sale of opium onto the Qing Dynasty’s government and subsequently ceded the island of Hong Kong and later other territories including Kowloon in order to build a trading post into China and the Pacific Ocean.
How did Hong Kong become rich?
Hong Kong raises revenues from the sale and taxation of land and through attracting international businesses to provide capital for its public finance, due to its low tax policy.
Who Colonised China?
In 1937, Japanese forces took control of the entire country. Colonialism in China, which initially started in only a few treaty port areas during the 1840s, gradually expanded over time and continued for more than a century, finally to end in 1945 after Japan was defeated in World War II.
How did the British treat Hong Kong?
Anyone was British living in Hong Kong was treated as first class citizens while the Chinese was second class. From 1949–1997, the British bent over backwards towards the Chinese. The British by those years were under pressure from Communist China. The British even offered to give up Hong Kong in 1949.
Was Hong Kong a country?
Hong Kong was never an independent country. Until 1997, and the Hong Kong handover, Hong Kong was a colony of the United Kingdom. Post-handover, the colony of Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and for official purposes is a part of China.
Was Hong Kong a British colony?
The United Kingdom had held Hong Kong as a colony since 1841, when it occupied the area during the First Opium War. The final treaty, the 1898 Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, leased the New Territories to Britain for 99 years.
What is the issue between China and Hong Kong?
The cultural and economic differences are widely considered as a primary cause of the conflict between Hong Kong and mainland China. The differences between Hong Kong people and mainlanders, such as language, as well as the significant growth in number of mainland visitors, have caused tension.