What Is Hepatomegaly And Splenomegaly?

hepatomegaly: swelling or enlargement of the liver. splenomegaly: swelling or enlargement of the spleen.

What causes hepatomegaly and splenomegaly?

Examples include: infection, such as hepatitis C, syphilis, or sepsis from a significant bacterial infection. chronic liver disease with portal hypertension. cancers, such as amyloidosis or sarcoidosis.

What causes hepatomegaly?

Hepatomegaly is the medical term for an enlarged liver. It is a symptom of disease, not a disease in itself. Some conditions that can cause hepatomegaly include fatty liver diseases, alcohol use disorder, hepatitis, and cancer. A person may have hepatomegaly and not be aware that they have it.

What causes spleen and liver enlargement?

An enlarged spleen is the result of damage or trauma to the spleen from any of several different medical conditions, diseases, or types of physical trauma. Infections, liver problems, blood cancers, and metabolic disorders can all cause your spleen to become enlarged, a condition called splenomegaly.

What is the most common cause of hepatomegaly?

Common causes include: metastatic cancer, or cancer that starts in other organs and spreads to the liver. nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), or buildup of fat in your liver not due to alcohol. heart and blood vessel abnormalities, or conditions that block the veins that drain the liver or bring it blood.

Is splenomegaly serious?

Potential complications of an enlarged spleen are: Infection. An enlarged spleen can reduce the number of healthy red blood cells, platelets and white cells in your bloodstream, leading to more frequent infections. Anemia and increased bleeding also are possible.

Can splenomegaly be cured?

If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the cause can’t be identified or treated, surgery to remove your spleen (splenectomy) might be an option. In chronic or critical cases, surgery might offer the best hope for recovery. Elective spleen removal requires careful consideration.

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How do you treat hepatomegaly naturally?

It’s important to discuss any alternative treatments with your doctor before trying them.

  1. Lose excess weight.
  2. Try the Mediterranean diet.
  3. Drink coffee.
  4. Get active.
  5. Avoid foods with added sugars.
  6. Target high cholesterol.
  7. Try an omega-3 supplement.
  8. Avoid known liver irritants.

What is marginal hepatomegaly?

Hepatomegaly is an enlarged liver, which means it’s swollen beyond its usual size. Your liver has a lot of important jobs. It helps clean your blood by getting rid of harmful chemicals that your body makes. It makes a liquid called bile, which helps you break down fat from food.

What foods to avoid if you have an enlarged liver?

Stay Away From Fatty Foods French fries and burgers are a poor choice to keep your liver healthy. Eat too many foods that are high in saturated fat and it can make it harder for your liver to do its job. Over time it may lead to inflammation, which in turn could cause scarring of the liver that’s known as cirrhosis.

How do you treat an enlarged liver and spleen?

To reduce your risk of liver disease, you can:

  1. Eat a healthy diet.
  2. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
  3. Follow directions when taking medications, vitamins or supplements.
  4. Limit contact with chemicals.
  5. Maintain a healthy weight.
  6. Quit smoking.
  7. Use supplements with caution.

What cancers cause enlarged spleen?

Spleen cancer is very often due to lymphomas and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in particular, so it is helpful to be aware of signs of this disease. Signs include: swollen, but usually not painful lymph nodes in the armpits, groin, and sides of the neck.

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Can an enlarged spleen cause back pain?

Symptoms of an Enlarged Spleen People may also have abdominal or back pain in the area of the spleen in the upper left part of the abdomen or the left side of the back. The pain may spread to the left shoulder, especially if parts of the spleen do not get enough blood and start to die.

What are signs that your liver is not functioning properly?

Liver failure occurs when your liver isn’t working well enough to perform its functions (for example, manufacturing bile and ridding the body of harmful substances). Symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, and blood in the stool. Treatments include avoiding alcohol and avoiding certain foods.

What are the first signs of a bad liver?

If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, the may include:

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling.
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Dark urine color.
  • Pale stool color.
  • Chronic fatigue.
  • Nausea or vomiting.

What foods are good for liver repair?

Top foods and drinks for liver health

  1. Coffee. One 2014 review suggests that over 50% of people in the United States consume coffee daily.
  2. Oatmeal. Consuming oatmeal is an easy way to add fiber to the diet.
  3. Green tea.
  4. Garlic.
  5. Berries.
  6. Grapes.
  7. Grapefruit.
  8. Prickly pear.