What Is The Lower Portion Of The Sternum Called?

The body or middle portion of the sternum serves as the anterior attachment for ribs 2 through 7. The inferior tip of the sternum is called the xiphoid process, meaning “sword shaped.”

What is the bottom part of the sternum?

Xiphoid process. This is the lower part of the sternum. Its shape can vary. The xiphoid process is composed mostly of cartilage, and it slowly begins to calcify as you age.

What are the parts of sternum?

The sternum is divided anatomically into three segments: manubrium, body, and xiphoid process.

What causes the xiphoid process to swell?

Xiphoid syndrome involves painful swelling and discomfort of the xiphoid process of the sternum [1]. Inflammation of the xiphoid process, causing xiphodynia, arises from mechanical injury to that anatomic region. The prevalence of xiphoid syndrome is not well known as there is limited literature on this rare condition.

What is a xiphoid process?

The xiphoid process is the most distal edge of the sternum or the breastbone. The sternum contains 3 major portions: the manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process.

Why does the bottom of my sternum hurt?

Sternum pain is usually caused by problems with the muscles and bones near the sternum and not the sternum itself. Pain felt just behind or below the sternum is called substernal pain and is sometimes caused by gastrointestinal problems. Some of the most common causes of sternum and substernal pain are: costochondritis.

What does the Xiphoid feel like?

Xiphoid Process. A small hard lump felt at the lower end of the sternum (breastbone).

You might be interested:  Question: What Are The Elements Of Microsoft Powerpoint 2010?

What organ is under center breastbone?

Under and around the left breastbone are the heart, spleen, stomach, pancreas, and large intestine. And that’s in addition to the left lung, left breast, and left kidney, which actually sits higher in the body than the right one.

What is the femur?

Your thighbone (femur) is the longest and strongest bone in your body. The femoral shaft runs from below the hip to where the bone begins to widen at the knee.

Should there be a lump at the bottom of my sternum?

It is also possible for the area to become inflamed, causing a lump to develop around the lower sternum. This lump is a result of inflammation but can often be mistaken for a more serious medical condition, such as a tumor.

What causes a protruding xiphoid process?

Anterior displacement of the xiphoid process may be the result of significant weight gain. Repeated trauma of the afflicted area, unaccustomed heavy lifting, exercise, and perichondritis are, amongst other causes, believed to contribute to the development of xiphodynia.

Can xiphoid process affect breathing?

If the xiphoid process pulls inward during inhalation, it is called a reversed diaphragmatic action. This can be caused by a newborn’s first breath being a gasp-like action, and can be seen in a newborn whose breathing is strained.

What doctor treats xiphoid process?

Dr. Yurvati, chair of surgery at the University of North Texas Health Science Center’s Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine (UNTHSH/TCOM), has become an expert in identifying the xiphoid process, a cartilage structure at the tip of the breastbone, as the source of mysterious pain for many patients.

You might be interested:  FAQ: Why Are Phospholipids Polar?

Does the xiphoid process shrink with age?

Because the xiphoid process shrinks with age d. Because the xiphoid process is small and does not articulate with any other bones. The remains are from an adult younger than 40 years of age, and the hyaline cartilage does not preserve as well as bone.

Does everyone have xiphoid process?

This means that for the majority of people, the xiphoid faces inward so there’s no lump on their chests. However, about 5% of people have what is called a “protruding” xiphoid process.