|Geography||Close the sea with a harbor. Hilly area.||Landlocked. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense.|
|Population (Ancient)||At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000||At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000|
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Where was Athens and Sparta located? Life in Sparta was vastly different from life in Athens. Located in the southern part of Greece on the Peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that exercised political control. Was Athens a Greek city-state?
Where is spartan located?
Sparta is a city in Laconia, on the Peloponnese in Greece. In antiquity, it was a powerful city-state with a famous martial tradition. Ancient writers sometimes referred to it as Lacedaemon and its people as Lacedaemonians.
Where were Athens and Sparta city-states?
The two city–states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority.
What is Sparta called today?
Modern day Sparta, the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, lies on the eastern foothills of Mount Taygetos in the Evrotas River valley. The city has been built upon the site of ancient Sparta, whose Acropolis lies north of the modern city. To the southwest stands Mt. Taygetos.
Where is Athens in ancient Greece?
Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of Western civilization.
Is Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
Does the Spartan bloodline still exist?
Spartans are still there. Sparta was just the capital of Lacedaemonia, hence the L on their shields, not an S but an L… So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
Did Athens have slaves?
Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.
Who had a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
How tall was a Spartan?
Depending on the type of Spartan the height of a Spartan II (fully armoured) is 7 feet tall (spartan 3) 6’7 feet tall (spartan II) 7 feet tall (spartan 4), and have a reinforced endoskeleton.
Why is Sparta no longer a city?
Spartan political independence was put to an end when it was eventually forced into the Achaean League after its defeat in the decisive Laconian War by a coalition of other Greek city-states and Rome and the resultant overthrow of its final king Nabis.
Did Rome ever fight Sparta?
The Romans did fight against Spartans— but it was long after the glory days. The Romans won an embarrassingly easy victory over Nabis, the last Spartan king, in 192BC, but most of the troops they defeated were mercenaries. The Sparta that the Romans defeated was almost a parody of its former self.
What is Athens most famous for?
Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. The Acropolis and surrounding area, Athens.
What are 5 facts about Athens?
15 Incredible Facts About Athens
- Athens is Europe’s oldest capital.
- Athens has experienced almost every form of government.
- If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron.
- The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens.
- Athens is home to the first known democracy.
- Athens has the most theatrical stages in the world.
Who destroyed Athens?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.