Atherosclerosis occurs when arteries get narrow and stiff due to a buildup of fatty deposits (plaque) on your artery walls. Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs.
What is the difference between peripheral artery disease and peripheral vascular disease?
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the name of one specific disease, a condition that affects only arteries, and primarily the arteries of the legs. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a generic “umbrella term” that describes a large number of circulatory diseases.
What are the two types of peripheral vascular disease?
The two main types of PVD are functional and organic PVD. Functional PVD means there’s no physical damage to your blood vessels’ structure. Instead, your vessels widen and narrow in response other factors like brain signals and temperature changes.
What is the most common type of peripheral vascular disease?
What causes peripheral vascular disease? The most common cause of PVD is atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque inside the artery wall. Plaque reduces the amount of blood flow to the limbs. It also decreases the oxygen and nutrients available to the tissue.
What is the difference between atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease?
The complications of atherosclerosis depend on which arteries are blocked. For example: Coronary artery disease. When atherosclerosis narrows the arteries close to your heart, you may develop coronary artery disease, which can cause chest pain (angina), a heart attack or heart failure.
What the meaning of atherosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis thickening or hardening of the arteries. It is caused by a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. Plaque is made up of deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin. As it builds up in the arteries, the artery walls become thickened and stiff.
What are three signs symptoms that can accompany peripheral vascular artery disease?
Peripheral Vascular Disease Symptoms
- Buttock pain.
- Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs.
- Burning or aching pain in the feet or toes while resting.
- A sore on a leg or a foot that will not heal.
- One or both legs or feet feeling cold or changing color (pale, bluish, dark reddish)
- Loss of hair on the legs.
What are the warning signs of peripheral vascular disease?
- Painful cramping in one or both of your hips, thighs or calf muscles after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
- Leg numbness or weakness.
- Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side.
- Sores on your toes, feet or legs that won’t heal.
What are the 6 P’s of peripheral vascular disease?
The six Ps ( pain, pallor, poikilothermia, pulselessness, paresthesia, paralysis ) are the classic presentation of acute arterial occlusion in patients without underlying occlusive vascular disease.
What organs are affected by peripheral artery disease?
PAD usually affects the arteries in the legs, but it also can affect the arteries that carry blood from your heart to your head, arms, kidneys, and stomach. As with clogged arteries in the heart, PAD raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, and even death.
What are the signs of clogged arteries in your legs?
Claudication is a symptom of a narrowing or blockage of an artery. Typical symptoms of claudication include: Pain, a burning feeling, or a tired feeling in the legs and buttocks when you walk. Shiny, hairless, blotchy foot skin that may get sores.
What is the main cause of peripheral artery disease?
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the legs or lower extremities is the narrowing or blockage of the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the legs. It is primarily caused by the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries, which is called atherosclerosis.
What are the different types of arteriosclerosis?
The three current types of arteriosclerosis include:
- Atherosclerosis: In this type, the large arteries are hardened and narrowed.
- Moenckeberg medial calcific sclerosis: The hardening of small to medium-sized arteries.
- Arteriolosclerosis: The calcification of small arteries.
How do you detect atherosclerosis?
Doctors have an arsenal of diagnostic tests and tools they can access to confirm the presence of Atherosclerosis – these include an angiogram (Arteriogram), cholesterol tests, a chest x-ray, a CT (computed tomography) scan, Duplex scanning, an echocardiogram, an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), an exercise stress test (
What is the best treatment for atherosclerosis?
Medications for treating atherosclerosis include:
- cholesterol-lowering drugs, including statins.
- angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which may lower blood pressure.
- beta-blockers, which “rest” the heart.
- antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin to prevent blood from clotting and clogging your arteries.