The transverse tarsal joint, also referred to as the midtarsal or Chopart’s joint, crosses the foot horizontally in an S-shaped direction, connecting the hindfoot and midfoot. It is a compound joint composed of two smaller, synovial joints: talonavicular and calcaneocuboid articulations.
What type of joint is the tarsal bones?
The joints between the tarsal bones of the foot are known as the intertarsal joints. The specific intertarsal joints of the foot include the subtalar joint, talocalcaneonavicular joint, calcaneocuboid joint, cuneonavicular joint, cuboideonavicular joint, and the intercuneiform joint.
Is the tarsal joint a hinge joint?
The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint, so you can plantarflex and dorsiflex. It allows a little wiggle from side to side, but most of the rest of the movement comes from the foot joints.
Where is the transverse tarsal joint?
The transverse tarsal joint, also called the midtarsal or Chopart’s joint, is made up of the joints between the calcaneus and cuboid, and the talus and navicular (Figure 1). It is the joint that connects the hindfoot to the midfoot.
What movement occurs at the transverse tarsal joint?
The movement which takes place in this joint is more extensive than that in the other tarsal joints, and consists of a sort of rotation by means of which the foot may be slightly flexed or extended, the sole being at the same time carried medially (inverted) or laterally (everted).
What type of joint is the shoulder?
The glenohumeral joint is the main articulation of the shoulder joint. It is the multiaxial ball-and-socket synovial joint formed by the articular surfaces of the glenoid cavity and the head of the humerus.
What is a Tibiotalar joint?
The ankle joint is also called the tibiotalar joint. It’s where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of a bone of the foot called the talus. The ankle also includes the subtalar joint. This is where 2 foot bones called the talus and the calcaneus meet. Arthritis can affect these 2 joints in the foot.
What is gliding joint?
plane joint, also called gliding joint or arthrodial joint, in anatomy, type of structure in the body formed between two bones in which the articular, or free, surfaces of the bones are flat or nearly flat, enabling the bones to slide over each other.
What are the tarsal bones?
The tarsal bones are 7 in number. They are named the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, and the medial, middle, and lateral cuneiforms.
What type of joint is Calcaneocuboid joint?
Gross anatomy The calcaneocuboid joint involves the anterior surface of the calcaneus and the posterior surface of the cuboid. Its joint capsule is thickened superiorly and also inferiorly 1. It is a modified saddle-type joint.