Mature horse chestnut trees grow to a height of around 40m and can live for up to 300 years. The bark is smooth and pinky-grey when young, which darkens and develops scaly plates with age.
Why are horse chestnut trees dying?
The current disease in horse-chestnuts is caused by a bacterium called Pseudomonas syringae pv aesculi. What damage does it do? To put it simply it clogs up the tree’s veins. The most obvious symptom is weeping wounds from the trunk of the tree and rust-coloured stains on the bark.
Can I cut down a horse chestnut tree?
The Horse Chestnut is not normally pruned but any badly placed branches should be cut back in the winter whilst the tree is dormant, this work is best done by a professional tree surgeon due to the size of most Horse Chestnut trees and the weight of branches.
Do horse chestnuts flower every year?
Every year around this time, the horse-chestnuts, Aesculus, burst with gorgeous pink flower clusters.
How long does it take for a horse chestnut tree to produce conkers?
The conker seeds take about 2-3 months of cold weather to germinate. After that they will begin to sprout.
What’s the difference between a chestnut and a horse chestnut tree?
Edible chestnuts are easy to tell apart from unrelated toxic species like horse chestnut or buckeye. The toxic, inedible horse chestnuts have a fleshy, bumpy husk with a wart-covered appearance. Both horse chestnut and edible chestnuts produce a brown nut, but edible chestnuts always have a tassel or point on the nut.
Is there a disease affecting horse chestnut trees?
Bleeding canker is a disease that affects European horse chestnut trees (Aesculus hippocastanum) in Great Britain. It is characterised by the appearance of ‘bleeding cankers’, or lesions, on the stems (trunks) and branches.
How deep are chestnut tree roots?
Trees have most their roots in the first 18″ into the soil. The reason for the high concentration of the roots in the topsoil is that is where the availability of the nutrients are.
Do horse chestnuts grow back?
Keep in mind that they come off easier when wet, so consider pruning them after a rinse or bath. The only time that ergots become an issue is if they’re so long they get snagged on fences. These strange growths will likely grow back, so you might as well make trimming a regular part of grooming your horse.
How do you take care of a horse chestnut tree?
Growing a Horse Chestnut Tree Horse chestnuts thrive in USDA plant hardiness zones 3-8 in areas having full sun and well-drained, but moist, humus-rich soil. These trees do not tolerate excessively dry conditions. Horse chestnut trees are usually planted in spring or fall, depending on climate.
Do deer eat horse chestnuts?
Nutritional: Although horses shouldn’t eat horse chestnuts, the nuts do provide nourishment to public enemies number 1 and number 2: deer and squirrels.
How old are horse chestnut trees before they flower?
Our own horse chestnut has not produced any fruit yet, but it is just six years old and they only start to flower around their seventh year.
How tall does a horse chestnut tree grow?
Horse chestnut is a deciduous tree which can grow up to 36 metres (118ft) tall, with a domed crown of stout branches. On older trees the outer branches are often pendulous with curled-up tips. Beautiful creamy white panicles of flowers are followed by conkers in autumn.
How fast do chestnut trees grow?
The American chestnut tree has a moderate growth rate, generally growing 2 to 3 feet per season. It generally grows to a height of 50 to 75 feet, though it is capable of growing between 80 and 100 feet.