What Is The Difference Between A Prescription And Over The Counter Drug?

Prescription medications are specially tailored for use by a specific person for a specific use. OTC medications are considered safe for just about everyone and may have a variety of intended purposes.

What is the difference between over-the-counter OTC drugs and prescription drugs?

The term prescription refers to medicines that are safe and effective when used under a doctor’s care, whereas nonprescription or OTC drugs are medicines the FDA determines are safe and effective for use without a doctor’s prescription [1].

Why are some drugs available by prescription only?

Prescription drugs (or legend drugs) are drugs that require a prescription because they are considered to be potentially harmful if not used under the supervision of a licensed health care practitioner. Certain prescription drugs have additional controls placed upon them.

Does over-the-counter mean you need a prescription?

Over-the-counter medicine is also known as OTC or nonprescription medicine. All these terms refer to medicine that you can buy without a prescription. They are safe and effective when you follow the directions on the label and as directed by your health care professional.

What makes a drug an over-the-counter drug?

OTC drugs are defined as drugs that are safe and effective for use by the general public without seeking treatment by a health professional. FDA’s review of OTC drugs is primarily handled by CDER’s Office of Nonprescription Drugs.

Are painkillers prescription or OTC?

Over-the-counter ( OTC ) and prescription pain relievers treat a variety of problems. OTC drugs ease pain from arthritis, headaches and muscle strains. Prescription painkillers provide stronger relief for chronic pain or severe pain after trauma or surgery.

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What are 3 most commonly abused prescription drugs?

Three types of drugs are abused most often: • Opioids—prescribed for pain relief • CNS depressants—barbiturates and benzodiazepines prescribed for anxiety or sleep problems (often referred to as sedatives or tranquilizers) • Stimulants—prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the sleep disorder

Why is a prescription needed?

Prescription medicines are generally intended to treat more major or serious medical problems. This might include diabetes or cancer. Prescription medicines also tend to be stronger than OTC drugs. For safety, certain medicines are approved only with a prescription.

What do you mean by prescription?

Prescription: A physician’s order for the preparation and administration of a drug or device for a patient.

What are some examples of prescription drugs?

The most commonly used prescription drugs fall into three classes:

  • Opioids. Examples: oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and meperidine (Demerol)
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants. Examples: phenobarbital (Luminal), diazepam (Valium), and alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Stimulants.

Is paracetamol an OTC?

One of the most common OTC drug used in case of a fever, headache, or cold is the paracetamol, easily available at all pharmacy stores without a prescription.

How do you use OTC?

To use your OTC Card, take your card and your covered OTC item(s) to the checkout at any participating store or pharmacy.

Why is it called over-the-counter?

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a requirement for a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be supplied only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

Is Xanax available over-the-counter?

It is part of a group of prescription drugs called benzodiazepines. Xanax is also a controlled drug, which means it has the potential to cause dependence or to be misused. These medications are regulated by law and it is illegal to take Xanax without a prescription from a medical doctor.

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Why we need to know the difference between over-the-counter and prescription medicine?

Prescription medications are specially tailored for use by a specific person for a specific use. OTC medications are considered safe for just about everyone and may have a variety of intended purposes.