gonorrhea is transmitted through copulation with a person who is infected. This bacterium embeds in the reproductive tract tissue in women, causing cervical and uterine infections. Once the membranous tissues within the fallopian tubes are infected, complications in pregnancies will arise.
What disease is caused by Diplococci bacteria?
Gonorrhea infection is a common STI caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative diplococcus bacterium that is closely related to other human Neisseria species.
What is the arrangement of Diplococci?
coccus arrangement Pairs of cocci are called diplococci; rows or chains of such cells are called streptococci; grapelike clusters of cells, staphylococci; packets of eight or more cells, sarcinae; and groups of four cells in a square arrangement, tetrads.
What is the difference between Diplococcus and Streptococcus?
The organism was termed Diplococcus pneumoniae from 1920 because of its characteristic appearance in Gram-stained sputum. It was renamed Streptococcus pneumoniae in 1974 because it was very similar to streptococci. Streptococcus pneumoniae played a central role in demonstrating that genetic material consists of DNA.
What is the difference between cocci and Diplococci?
Cocci may occur as single cells or remain attached following cell division. Those that remain attached can be classified based on cellular arrangement: Diplococci are pairs of cocci (e.g. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria gonorrhoeae) Streptococci are chains of cocci (e.g. Streptococcus pyogenes).
How will you explain diplococci shape?
Essentially, diplococci bacteria (singular; diplococcus) are rounded/spherical bacteria that occur in pairs. Unlike staphylococci bacteria (which form grape-like clusters and are truly round), some may appear ovoid (elongated) or bean-shaped.
Is pneumococcal same as pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a lung disease. Pneumococcal pneumonia, a kind of pneumonia, can infect the upper respiratory tract and can spread to the blood, lungs, middle ear, or nervous system.
How do bacteria respond to chemical attractants?
Chemical attractants inhibit tumbles, enabling bacteria to make faster progress toward the stimulus. Chemical attractants inhibit tumbles, enabling bacteria to make faster progress toward the stimulus. The outcome of the Gram stain is based on differences in the cell’s. A.
Is Streptococcus pneumoniae gram-positive Diplococci?
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a gram-positive, α-hemolytic, lancet-shaped diplococcus and is bile soluble and optochin sensitive.
What is the main source of the carbon in the cellulose forming the mass of a forest?
The carbon comes from carbon dioxide used during photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants convert the sun’s energy into chemical energy which is captured within the bonds of carbon molecules built from atmospheric carbon dioxide and water.
What causes pneumococcus?
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) can cause a range of different illnesses including sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacteraemia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis and meningitis. Vaccines are available that help prevent invasive pneumococcal disease (such as bacteraemia and meningitis).
Is Streptococcus A eubacteria or archaebacteria?
Streptococcus pneumoniae, abbreviated to S. pneumoniae is another common eubacteria. It belongs to the Firmicutes phylum. It has a spherical shape and is Gram-positive.
How is strep pneumoniae transmitted?
Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae occurs as the result of direct person-to-person contact via respiratory droplets. The pneumococcal serotypes most often responsible for causing infection are those most frequently found in carriers.
What is the difference between staph and strep?
Strep is most commonly found in the mouth and throat. Hence the relatively common condition strep throat. The infection is often accompanied by an extremely sore throat with white patches, difficulty swallowing, and a fever. Meanwhile, staph is a skin infection that is most often the result of surgery or an open wound.
What is meant by intracellular and extracellular Diplococci?
* Intracellular-means that Gram-negative intracellular diplococci morphologically indistinguishable from. the gonococcus were present. Extracellular–means that Gram-negative intracellular diplococci were not found but that Gram-negative extracellular diplococci morphologically resembling the gonococcus were present.
What is coccus bacillus and spirillum?
Cocci (or coccus for a single cell) are round cells, sometimes slightly flattened when they are adjacent to one another. Bacilli (or bacillus for a single cell) are rod-shaped bacteria. Spirilla (or spirillum for a single cell) are curved bacteria which can range from a gently curved shape to a corkscrew-like spiral.