Covering approximately 800 miles, the Santa Fe Trail extends from Independence, Missouri to present day Santa Fe, New Mexico. The Trail originally began in Franklin, Missouri, but the trail head was moved to Fort Osage and, by 1827, to Independence.18 mrt. 2016
- The Santa Fe Trail was a transportation route opened by the Spaniards at the end of the 18th century and used afterwards by the Americans in the 19th century, crossing the southwest of North America connecting Independence, Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico.
They both meet back up in New Mexico, before ending in Santa Fe, which was part of Mexico at the time. It begins in eastern Colorado near Lamar, then heads southwest toward Trinidad, passing through sections of the Comanche National Grassland. In Trinidad it crosses the Raton Pass into northern New Mexico. Map of Santa Fe Trail.
How long is the Santa Fe Trail?
Where did the Oregon and Santa Fe trails begin?
Initially, Independence, Missouri, was the departure point for the Oregon Trail because it was also the eastern terminus of the older Santa Fe Trail. Most of the early emigrants arrived at Independence after having loaded their wagons and belongings directly onto steamboats traveling up the Missouri River from St.
Can you drive the Santa Fe Trail?
Car. You can reach most trail sites by auto or bicycle, or on foot. Some sites are along unpaved roads. A family of road signs has been initiated across the Santa Fe Trail to help you find original routes, trail crossings, and local sites.
What were the two routes of the Santa Fe Trail?
The historic trade route of the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri through Kansas to Santa Fe, New Mexico had two primary branches — the Cimarron Route and the Mountain Route. During the trail’s heydays, both were well-traveled for different reasons.
What did they eat on the Santa Fe Trail?
For Western Indian tribes, food staples included cornmeal, sunflower-seed meal, acorns, and deer, buffalo and dog, he says. Indian delicacies included buffalo hide shavings cooked with chokecherries.
What were the dangers of the Santa Fe Trail?
While some travelers made the trip without incident, the unforgiving climate, illness, mechanical failures, starvation, dehydration, and the potential for violent encounters created an array of challenges to prepare for and overcome. While some struck it rich, others lost their fortunes, their health, or their lives.
What was the biggest danger to someone on the trails?
The most dangerous diseases were those spread by poor sanitary conditions and personal contact. Death from diseases usually came quickly and painfully. It is estimated that 6-10% of all emigrants on the trails suc- cumbed to some form of illness.
Which trail was the longest?
The world’s longest designated hiking trail is the Pacific Crest Trail, which runs for 4,260 km (2,650 miles) along the West Coast of the USA between the Mexican and Canadian borders.
What happened on the Santa Fe Trail?
A Brief History. Between 1821 and 1880, the Santa Fe Trail was primarily a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Then, in 1846, the Mexican-American War began, and a few months later, America’s Army of the West followed the Santa Fe Trail westward to successfully invade Mexico.
Is Santa Fe the oldest city in the US?
Residents are primarily Hispanic, Anglo and Native American people. Situated at 7,000 feet in the foothills of the southern Rocky Mountains, Santa Fe is the highest and oldest capital in the U.S. Founded between 1607 and 1610, it’s America’s second oldest city. In 1912, New Mexico officially achieved statehood.
What was the main purpose of the Santa Fe Trail?
The Santa Fe Trail was established to haul freight from Kansas City to Santa Fe, New Mexico and to trade with the Spanish. Early in the 1820s wagon trains were being sent over this route ( Santa Fe Trail ) from the Missouri River to Santa Fe, NM.
Where does the Santa Fe Trail lead to?
Covering approximately 800 miles, the Santa Fe Trail extends from Independence, Missouri to present day Santa Fe, New Mexico. The Trail originally began in Franklin, Missouri, but the trail head was moved to Fort Osage and, by 1827, to Independence.
What did they trade on the Santa Fe Trail?
Explore the Santa Fe Trail through a sampling of the goods that traveled between the United States and Mexico in the 1800s. Furs, wool fleeces and woven goods, silver and mules traveled from Mexico for trade in the United States. Millions of dollars in merchandise traveled this 900 mile international trade route.
Why did settlers travel the Oregon Trail?
There were many reasons for the westward movement to Oregon and California. Economic problems upset farmers and businessmen. Free land in Oregon and the possibility of finding gold in California lured them westward. Most of the pioneer families either followed the Oregon -California Trail or the Mormon Trail.
How did the Santa Fe Trail differ from the Oregon and Mormon Trails?
How did the Santa Fe Trail differ in purpose from the Oregon and Mormon trails? The Oregon trail was used mostly by people who were going to settle in Oregon. The Santa Fe trail was used mostly as a trade route. It was more commercial.