Why are Mummers called Mummers?
The Mummers derive their name from the Mummers‘ plays performed in Philadelphia in the 18th century as part of a wide variety of working class street celebrations around Christmas. The Mummers continued their traditions of comic verse in exchange for cakes and ale.
What is the origin of the Mummers?
Mummers have their roots in the past, tracing as far back as ancient Egypt. They’re best documented during the medieval period, where the mummers‘ play was a popular pastime for the poor. There’s a wide variety of mummer plays, but they’re characterized by big masks and pantomime traditions.
What is the meaning of Mummers?
1: a performer in a pantomime broadly: actor. 2: one who goes merrymaking in disguise during festivals.
What are Newfie Mummers?
Also known in Newfoundland as jennying or jannying, this folk tradition involves people dressing up in flamboyant clothes, masking their faces and distorting their voices in order to conceal their identities.
Why was Mummering banned in the 1800s?
During the 1850s and ’60s, mummering became associated with violence, often along religious lines. It came to a head in 1860 when Isaac Mercer was murdered, which led to a ban on mummering. Though it might have been illegal, mummering persisted, especially in smaller communities where police presence was more lax.
What do Mummers say?
“Oh! Dem Golden Slippers” is the traditional anthem of the Mummers. Written by James Bland, an African American, which was introduced into the parade in 1905 by minstrel Charles Dumont. You can expect to hear it by multiple times throughout the parade, as almost every String Band will bust it at at some point.
Why does a Mummers behavior change?
1. He or she is embarrassed about dressing up in costume and wants to hide that embarrassment.
Is there still a Mummers Parade?
Even though the Mummers Parade is canceled, PHL17 said it plans to bring Mummers content to viewers on New Year’s Day 2021. On January 1, 2021 starting at 9am PHL17 will broadcast and stream 13 hours of the best mummers footage from the last 10 years in what they are calling the Mummers Parade of the Decade.
How many string bands are in the Mummers Parade?
There are eighteen String Band organizations in existence today. Every year, each String Band selects an annual theme, and debuts their new music and costumes in the Philadelphia New Year’s Day parade. The marching leader of the band or Captain makes their elaborate debut doing the “2 Street Strut”.
How much does a Mummers costume cost?
That celebration became the Mummers Parade we know today. The costumes are pricy. The luxurious costumes not only look lavish, they are also expensive. For a 65-person troop, the total cost can be around $100,000, with the most expensive costumes costing around $10,000 a pop.
What is a mummer in medieval times?
A medieval mummer was a medieval entertainer who was an amateur actor. He performed at different plays in the villages that were held at the harvest time or on some religious occasion such as Christmas.
What play do the Mummers put on?
Mummers were originally bands of masked persons who during winter festivals in Europe paraded the streets and entered houses to dance or play dice in silence. “Momerie” was a popular amusement between the 13th and 16th century.
What is Mumming and Guising?
Mumming, or guising, is the practice of a group of people donning masks (and usually full costumes) to represent various wild and often threatening characters, walking through a town, and interacting with others.
What is the meaning of Tibbs Eve?
Annual. Related to. Christmas Eve, Christmas, Advent. Tibb’s Eve refers to both a folk expression for a day which will never arrive, as well as a celebration held on December 23 originating in Newfoundland and Labrador.