FAQ: What Are New World Monkeys Called?

New World monkeys are the platyrrhines (“flat-nosed”), a group comprising five families. As their taxonomic names suggest, New World (platyrrhine) and Old World (catarrhine) monkeys are distinguished by the form of the nose.

Is an owl monkey a New World monkey?

The NWMs exhibit striking diversity in their morphology, distribution, diet and behavior. Unlike some Old World monkeys, all NWMs are arboreal and, with the exception of the owl monkeys ( Aoutus ), diurnal.

Is a gorilla a New World monkey?

There are approximately 22 species of apes including gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, bonobos, gibbons and humans. Most nonhuman ape species are rare or endangered. New World Monkeys. The group known as the new world monkeys, or Platyrrhines, are those monkey species native to Central and South America.

What is the biggest New World monkey?

The howler is the largest of the New World monkeys.

Are Strepsirrhines a New World monkey?

The lower primates or strepsirhines (suborder Strepsirhini) include lemurs, bush babies, lorises; the higher primates or haplorhines (suborder Haplorhini) include the tarsiers, Old and New World monkeys, apes and humans. Strepsirhines have moist noses; haplorhines have simple, dry noses.

Do New World monkeys have ischial callosities?

hard, bare “sitting pads” (ischial callosities) on the buttocks; New World monkeys lack these. Many Old World monkeys have thumbs that can be opposed to the other fingers and so can handle small objects precisely.

What is the difference between an Old World monkey and a New World monkey?

Monkeys are arranged into two main groups: Old World and New World. New World monkeys have broad noses with a wide septum separating outwardly directed nostrils, whereas Old World monkeys have narrow noses with a thin septum and downward-facing nostrils, as do apes and humans.

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What is the superfamily of New World monkeys?

The five families are ranked together as the Ceboidea /sɛˈbɔɪdiːə/, the only extant superfamily in the parvorder Platyrrhini /plætɪˈraɪnaɪ/. Platyrrhini means broad-nosed, and their noses are flatter than those of other simians, with sideways-facing nostrils.

Is orangutan New World or Old World?

Greater apes include orangutans, chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas native to Africa and Asia. Apes diverged from old world monkeys about 25 million years ago. There are many differences between apes and monkeys including the following characteristics.

What is a chimpanzees scientific name?

Within this grouping, the two families Hylobatidae and Hominidae can be distinguished from Old World monkeys by the number of cusps on their molars; hominoids have five in the “Y-5” molar pattern, whereas Old World monkeys have only four in a bilophodont pattern.

How many New World monkeys are there?

The New World Monkeys are divided into two families and four subfamilies of primates that are found in Central and South America: Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. There are around 100 species of New World Monkeys divided into the four families.

What are new and old world monkeys?

Old World monkeys are native to Africa and Asia while New World monkeys are indigenous to the Americas, but their homes are not the only ways in which they are different (3,4). Old World monkeys belong to the family Cercopithecidae and consist of species such as macaques, baboons, and vervet monkeys (4).

What primate has Bilophodont molars?

The bilophodont tooth pattern is found in cercopithecoid monkeys in the three upper molars as well as the first and second lower molars.

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Are Gibbons Haplorhine?

Modern haplorhines are divided into three infraorders: the Platyrrhini, the New World Monkeys; the Catarrhini, the Old World Monkeys, apes and humans; the Tarsiiformes, the tarsiers. The lesser apes gibbons, siamang – and the great apes – orang utan, chimpanzee, gorilla – all occur in the Old World.