FAQ: Where Is The Tropical Soda Apple Found?

Tropical soda apple is native to Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina [70,75]. It has been introduced in the southeastern United States, Africa, India, Nepal [70,75], and parts of tropical Asia [5].

Where are tropical soda apples from?

Tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum Dunal, is a perennial shrub (Figure 1). It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it has become a weed in other areas of South America and in Africa, India, Nepal, the West Indies, Honduras, Mexico, and the United States.

Where is the tropical soda apple found in Texas?

U.S. Habitat: Located in open semi-shaded areas such as pastures, ditch banks, roadsides, recreational areas, citrus groves, sugar cane fields, and wet areas of rangeland. It is typically found in soils that are poorly drained and sandy, but cannot survive extremely wet soils.

How did the tropical soda apple get to America?

Initial introduction of tropical soda apple into North America probably occurred from seed adhering to people’s shoes or it escaped from cultivation (J. J. Mullahey, pers. comm.). Rapid spread of tropical soda apple throughout the southeastern United States (Fig.

Is tropical soda apple poisonous?

Tropical soda apple is a thorny perennial shrub. It grows from 3-6 ft tall and produces golf-ball size fruits resembling tiny watermelons Caution – its fruit are poisonous to humans.

Are tropical soda apples edible?

Tropical soda apple is an invasive exotic from South America. It is in the nightshade family and unlike its more popular cousins, the eggplant, potato and tomato, it is not edible.

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What kills soda apple?

Several have indicated that they are using glyphosate as a spot-treatment. While glyphosate is cheap and effective, keep in mind that overspray will kill your desirable forage, and usually allows for more TSA seed germination and establishement.

How do I get rid of tropical soda apples?

Other than herbicides, the best way to prevent the spread of the noxious weed tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) is to remove the plant and burn it, Agricultural Research Service scientists report. Clipping or mowing the weed before it produces fruit is also effective.

Why is the tropical soda apple invasive?

Because it interferes with crop production, tropical soda apple is a threat to the vegetable crop industry [26,27]. It also acts as an alternative host for the potato fungus Alternaria solani [34] and 6 viruses [56] that cause economic damage to vegetable crops of the Solanaceae family [56].

Is Solanum Viarum edible?

The round green fruit resemble a striped water melon. When ripe it is red and slightly smaller than a ping-pong ball. One is safe saying the fruit is not edible because it certainly is toxic at some stage.

What does tropical soda apple look like?

Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons.