Although the Second Estate was considered to be the nobility there were some that were poor, many had some wealth, and a few were filthy rich. Both the First Estate and Second Estate did not want anything to change in France unless there was chance they could gain more political power.
What did the first estate in France want?
The First Estate was the clergy, who were people, including priests, who ran both the Catholic church and some aspects of the country. In addition to keeping registers of births, deaths and marriages, the clergy also had the power to levy a 10% tax known as the tithe.
What was the first estate about?
1. The First Estate was one of France’s three social orders. It contained all persons ordained in a Catholic religious order, from cardinals and archbishops down to priests, monks and nuns.
Why was the first estate created?
Originally a vast hunting lodge, Louis built up Versailles in order to house his generals, ministers and other court suck-ups. This estate basically consisted of every one who was not a member of either the First or Second Estates.
What did the second estate want in the French Revolution?
Whereas the King sought tax reform, the First and Second Estates sought to protect their power and privilege. The Third Estate wanted greater representation and greater political power to address issues of inequality.
What is an estate in the French Revolution?
Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate) —which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the
What did the Third Estate want in the French Revolution?
The Third Estate wanted the estates to meet as one body and for each delegate to have one vote. The other two estates, while having their own grievances against royal absolutism, believed – correctly, as history would prove – that they would lose more power to the Third Estate than they stood to gain from the King.
Why was the first estate important to the French Revolution?
The First Estate had considerable political influence in France. This was because of the strong religious beliefs of the majority of the population. The clergy was corrupt and had some major failings. Religion established royal authority by strengthening the king’s sacred right to the throne.
What was the estate system in France?
France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners).
What problems did the first estate have?
One of the first issues that came up at the Estates General was how they would vote. The king said that each estate would vote as a body (each estate would get 1 vote). The members of the Third Estate did not like this. It meant that they could always be outvoted by the much smaller First and Second Estates.
Which was a privilege of the first estate?
Legally the first two estates enjoyed many privileges, particularly exemption from most taxation. The first estate, the clergy, consisted of rich and poor.
How did the Estates General lead to the French Revolution?
Summoned by King Louis XVI, the Estates General of 1789 ended when the Third Estate formed the National Assembly and, against the wishes of the King, invited the other two estates to join. This signaled the outbreak of the French Revolution.
What was Estates General answer?
Answer: The Estates-General was an assembly comprising the clergy of the French nobles and the middle class. The Estates-General represented all of France’s three estates. This assembly combined the First, Second and Third Estate members and acted as France’s legislative assembly.
What were the 3 French estates?
The political and financial situation in France had grown rather bleak, forcing Louis XVI to summon the Estates General. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.
What is the Third Estate meaning?
Third Estate, French Tiers État, in French history, with the nobility and the clergy, one of the three orders into which members were divided in the pre-Revolutionary Estates-General.
Which was the largest estate who made up this estate?
The Third Estate included everyone else from the middle class down, from doctors to lawyers to the homeless and poor. This was the largest Estate, with roughly 98% of the population included in it. The middle class of France is referred to as the Bourgeoisie.