The Gathas (/ˈɡɑːtəz, -tɑːz/) are 17 Avestan hymns traditionally believed to have been composed by the Persian (Iranian) prophet Zarathushtra (Zoroaster). They form the core of the Zoroastrian liturgy (the Yasna). They are arranged in five different modes or metres.
What are the 3 main pillars of Zoroastrianism?
The phrase ” Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds ” represent the three pillars of the Zoroastrian Faith and sums up the beliefs and conduct of its followers.
What is considered sacred in Zoroastrianism?
Water, earth, and fire are sacred elements in Zoroastrianism. Fire is seen as a symbol of purity, and sacred fires are maintained in Fire Temples (agiyari or dar-e-mehr). Plants, animals and human beings are also seen as Ahura Mazda’s perfect creations and need to be protected.
What is Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism?
Ahura Mazdā, (Avestan: “Wise Lord ”) also spelled Ormizd or Ormazd, supreme god in ancient Iranian religion, especially Zoroastrianism, the religious system of the Iranian prophet Zarathustra (c. 6th century bce; Greek name Zoroaster). Ahura Mazdā is all-wise, bounteous, undeceiving, and the creator of everything good.
What are the 5 major beliefs of Zoroastrianism?
Zoroastrian beliefs about God
- Omniscient (knows everything)
- Omnipotent (all powerful)
- Omnipresent (is everywhere)
- Impossible for humans to conceive.
- The Creator of life.
- The Source of all goodness and happiness.
What is the symbol of Zoroastrianism?
The Faravahar is an ancient symbol of the Zoroastrian faith. It depicts a bearded man with one hand reaching forward. He stands above a pair of wings that are outstretched from a circle representing eternity.
What is the most sacred place for Zoroastrianism?
The Iranshah Atash Behram, also known as the Udwada Atash Behram is a sacred fire housed in a temple in Udvada, Gujarat on the west coast of India. It is the first of the eight fire temples (holy place of worship) of the Zoroastrian religion in the country.
Which is older Hinduism or Zoroastrianism?
Its founder, Zarathustra, wrote down hymns that predate written Sanskrit literature, which makes it possible to claim Zoroastrianism as being older than Hinduism, formally codified.
What is the term for a Zoroastrian priest?
A Mobed, Mowbed, or Mobad (Middle Persian: ) is a Zoroastrian cleric of a particular rank. Unlike a herbad (ervad), a mobed is qualified to serve as celebrant priest at the Yasna ceremony.
What does the name Zoroaster mean?
Zoroaster’s name in his native language, Avestan, was probably Zaraϑuštra. In Avestan, Zaraϑuštra is generally accepted to derive from an Old Iranian *Zaratuštra-; The element half of the name (-uštra-) is thought to be the Indo-Iranian root for “camel”, with the entire name meaning ” he who can manage camels “.
What is the Ahriman?
: Ahura Mazda’s antagonist who is a spirit of darkness and evil in Zoroastrianism.
Who is the evil God in Zoroastrianism?
Angra Mainyu, (Avestan: “Destructive Spirit”) Middle Persian Ahriman, the evil, destructive spirit in the dualistic doctrine of Zoroastrianism.
Which is oldest religion in world?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.