Influences on Taj Mahal design The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on many design traditions, particularly Hindu, Ottoman, and earlier Mughal architecture. The overall design derived inspiration from a number of successful Timurid and Mughal buildings.
What inspired the Taj Mahal architecture?
Inspired by a verse by Bibadal Khan, the imperial goldsmith and poet, and in common with most Mughal funerial architecture, the Taj Mahal complex was conceived as a replica on earth of the house of Mumtaz in paradise. This theme permeates the entire complex and informs the design and appearance of all its elements.
What building serves as inspiration for the Taj Mahal?
Arguably one of the most fascinating Mughal era buildings, the Humayun Tomb is the first garden tomb of India. Built by Akbar in the 16th century, it also inspired the architect of the Taj Mahal in Agra.
What is unique about the architecture of Taj Mahal?
Architectural features of Taj Mahal Taj Mahal is universally admired for its incredible architecture. It is the most sparkling jewel of Muslim Art in India. Built with pure white marble (obtained from Makrana, Rajasthan) having extraordinary luster and texture. The monument covers an area of 42 acres.
What is the architecture of Taj Mahal?
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture (a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles). The Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s most iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists each year.
How was the Taj Mahal created?
It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal with construction starting in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD, with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653 AD.
How does this monument reflect the Mughal style of architecture Taj Mahal?
Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum that sits gracefully on the pedestal of Agra with its perfect image mirrored in the reflection pool in front of it giving it a surreal appearance. The Taj Mahal is often called the “epitome of Mughal architecture” and was acknowledged as the “jewel of Muslim art” by UNESCO.
Who is the architect of the Taj Mahal quizlet?
Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1632-1654, Architect: Ustad Ahmad Flashcards | Quizlet.
What is so unique and special about the design of the Taj Mahal?
Notable Design Features The Taj Mahal is one of the first, if not the first, Mughal structures to utilize white marble in its design. Not only did Jahan call for expensive, ornate white marble to be used, but he further instructed that the white marble be inlaid with jewels.
Why was Taj Mahal built?
Often described as one of the wonders of the world, the stunning 17th Century white marble Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth. The conventional story behind it is Shah Jahan’s eternal love for Mumtaz.
What is Taj Mahal special features?
The special features of the Taj Mahal are: It is made of pure white marble with its special lustre and fine texture. The marble was obtained from Makrana in Rajasthan. The main structure is surrounded by gardens, fountains and pools. The Mausoleum is built on a 6.6 metre high plinth.
Which of the following is a characteristic feature of Taj Mahal?
The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Indo-Islamic in origin.
Who was the architect who designed Taj Mahal?
Ustad Ahmad (a.k.a. Isa Khan), an architect in the court of Shah Jahan from Lahore, is most often credited as the chief architect (or plan drawer) of the Taj Mahal, based on a seventeenth century manuscript which claims that Ustad Ahmad was the architect of both the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort at Delhi.
What happened to the architect who built Taj Mahal?
Shah Jahan lived out the last years of his life under house arrest in a tower of the Red Fort at Agra, with a view of the majestic resting place he had constructed for his wife; when he died in 1666, he was buried next to her.
Who made architecture?
The earliest surviving written work on the subject of architecture is De architectura by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the early 1st century AD.