On the 3 September 1939, Britain and France declared war on Nazi Germany. Two days’ earlier, on 1 September, the government had initiated Operation Pied Piper, which would see the evacuation of over 1.5 million people from urban ‘target’ areas, of whom 800,000 were children.
When did Operation Pied Piper start?
The majority of people who were evacuated were children, and for that reason the operation was codenamed Pied Piper, ironically named after the rather menacing German folktale. The scheme had already been planned before the outbreak of war.
When did Operation Pied Piper start and end?
Operation Pied Piper, which began on 1 September 1939, officially relocated 1.5 million people. There were further waves of official evacuation and re-evacuation from the south and east coasts in June 1940, when a seaborne invasion was expected, and from affected cities after the Blitz began in September 1940.
When did child evacuation start?
The first came on 1 September 1939 – the day Germany invaded Poland and two days before the British declaration of war. Over the course of three days 1.5 million evacuees were sent to rural locations considered to be safe.
Where did the children go in Operation Pied Piper?
Called Operation Pied Piper, millions of people, most of them children, were shipped to rural areas in Britain as well as overseas to Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States.
Why did evacuees wear labels?
Children who were being evacuated were taken to the railway station by their parents or guardians, and sent off with a label attached to their clothing. This made sure that when they got off the train at the other end, people there would know who they were and where they had come from.
What did evacuees do?
What is evacuation? Evacuation means leaving a place. During the Second World War, many children living in big cities and towns were moved temporarily from their homes to places considered safer, usually out in the countryside.
Where did evacuees go in Wales?
Over the following week almost two million people, most of them children, were sent away from their families in the industrial cities of the south east and the Midlands into the countryside of the west. Many of them went to the rural parts of south and north Wales.
Which countries offered to accept evacuees?
Offers to take children were made by the British Dominions – Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa. The United States of America offered to take up to 200,000 children. Public support for overseas evacuation grew and, at first, the government accepted the idea.
What was written on evacuees name tags?
Write clearly on label: last name, followed by first name, and your school and town.
Is there a list of evacuees?
The mass evacuation of children and other vulnerable people took place in early September 1939, before National Registration on 29 September that year. As a result, many evacuees appear in the register. There are no lists or registers of evacuees available online.
Did evacuees go to school?
Schools in rural areas remained open but they often had to share their facilities with the evacuees. This involved local children using the classrooms in the morning while the evacuees would attend school in the afternoon.
Who paid for evacuees?
Officials used these forms to decide how many evacuees could be billeted in each area. After a journey which was often long and tiring, evacuees had to line up and wait for a ‘host family’ to choose them. Hosts received money for each evacuee they took in. They were paid by taking a form to the local post office.
What was the main cause of Operation Pied Piper in ww2?
Young Pam and Iris Hobbs were just two of the millions of children in England who were evacuated from cities and towns during World War II, in what was dubbed “Operation Pied Piper.” The mass evacuations were intended to keep British children safe — or safer, theoretically — from German air raids, while their parents
What did Evacuees eat?
Sometimes carrots were used instead of sugar to sweeten dishes. During the Second World War, thousands of children were evacuated, (sent away from areas likely to be bombed), to the countryside. There, they were often better fed, as fresh fruit and vegetables and dairy products were more freely available.