What was the Boston Massacre and why did it happen?
Tensions began to grow, and in Boston in February 1770 a patriot mob attacked a British loyalist, who fired a gun at them, killing a boy. In the ensuing days brawls between colonists and British soldiers eventually culminated in the Boston Massacre.
Who started the Boston Massacre and why?
The Boston Massacre began the evening of March 5, 1770 with a small argument between British Private Hugh White and a few colonists outside the Custom House in Boston on King Street. The argument began to escalate as more colonists gathered and began to harass and throw sticks and snowballs at Private White.
What exact time did the Boston Massacre happen?
Boston Massacre. Tensions between the American colonists and the British were already running high in the early spring of 1770. Late in the afternoon, on March 5, a crowd of jeering Bostonians slinging snowballs gathered around a small group of British soldiers guarding the Boston Customs House.
What happened at the Boston Massacre?
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot” mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed and this led to a campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of the citizenry.
Who was at fault for the Boston Massacre?
9e. The Boston Massacre. Crispus Attucks was not only the first African American to die for the revolution, he was one of the first patriots to give his life for the cause.
What happened to the soldiers who shot the colonists?
Eight soldiers, one officer, and four civilians were arrested and charged with murder, and they were defended by future U.S. President John Adams. Six of the soldiers were acquitted; the other two were convicted of manslaughter and given reduced sentences.
Why the Boston Massacre was important?
The event in Boston helped to unite the colonies against Britain. What started as a minor fight became a turning point in the beginnings of the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre helped spark the colonists’ desire for American independence, while the dead rioters became martyrs for liberty.
Why were the British responsible for the Boston Massacre?
The protesters, who called themselves Patriots, were protesting the occupation of their city by British troops, who were sent to Boston in 1768 to enforce unpopular taxation measures passed by a British parliament that lacked American representation.
Why are the British to blame for the Boston Massacre?
Patriots argued the event was the massacre of civilians perpetrated by the British Army, while loyalists argued that it was an unfortunate accident, the result of self-defense of the British soldiers from a threatening and dangerous mob.
Was anyone killed during the Boston Tea Party?
No one died during the Boston Tea Party. There was no violence and no confrontation between the Patriots, the Tories and the British soldiers garrisoned in Boston. No members of the crews of the Beaver, Dartmouth, or Eleanor were harmed. He was the only person ever to be arrested for the Boston Tea Party.
What was the weather like during the Boston Massacre?
This is what happened. It was the end of winter, and the weather was very cold. A small group of colonists began throwing rocks and pieces of ice at soldiers guarding a public building. They were joined by others, and the soldiers became frightened.
Who was responsible for the Boston Tea Party?
After Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused, Patriot leader Samuel Adams organized the “tea party” with about 60 members of the Sons of Liberty, his underground resistance group. The British tea dumped in Boston Harbor on the night of December 16 was valued at some $18,000.
Who fired first at the Boston Massacre?
Private Hugh Montgomery was the first British soldier to fire in the Boston Massacre. According to many historic documents, he was also identified by many witnesses in the trial as the man who killed Crispus Attucks.
Why is it called the Boston Massacre?
The Sons of Liberty were a citizens’ group that was organized in all cities in the American colonies to protest the Stamp Act in the 1760’s. Though it was no more than a riot, Americans named it the Boston Massacre to show everyone the dangers of having troops stationed among colonists.
How did Colonist react to the Boston Massacre?
After the Boston Massacre, the colonists reestablished the committees of correspondence. These committees served the purpose of letting others throughout the colonies know about important events that were happening. The colonists were also more watchful over the British and their activities.