Who started the Boston Massacre and why?
The Boston Massacre began the evening of March 5, 1770 with a small argument between British Private Hugh White and a few colonists outside the Custom House in Boston on King Street. The argument began to escalate as more colonists gathered and began to harass and throw sticks and snowballs at Private White.
What was the cause and effect of the Boston Massacre?
Cause: Colonists were still angry about previous events, particularly the Quartering Act. Relations were poor between the soldiers and colonists. Effect: Colonists started throwing snowballs at the soldiers and called them names. Shots were fired and five colonists were killed.
Who is to blame for the Boston Massacre?
Private Hugh Montgomery was the first British soldier to fire in the Boston Massacre. He was also identified by many witnesses in the trial as the man who killed Crispus Attucks. As if this were not enough, it is also believed that it was Montgomery not Captain Preston who yelled “Damn you, fire!” to the troops.
What was the Boston Massacre short summary?
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot” mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed and this led to a campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of the citizenry.
What happened to the soldiers who shot the colonists?
Eight soldiers, one officer, and four civilians were arrested and charged with murder, and they were defended by future U.S. President John Adams. Six of the soldiers were acquitted; the other two were convicted of manslaughter and given reduced sentences.
Why did British soldiers fire their guns at the colonists?
The incident was the climax of growing unrest in Boston, fueled by colonists‘ opposition to a series of acts passed by the British Parliament. As the mob insulted and threatened them, the soldiers fired their muskets, killing five colonists.
How does the Boston Massacre affect us today?
Conflicts between the British and the colonists had been on the rise because the British government had been trying to increase control over the colonies and raise taxes at the same time. The Boston Massacre helped spark the colonists’ desire for American independence, while the dead rioters became martyrs for liberty.
Why did the Boston Massacre increase the colonists anger?
The Boston massacre increased the anger toward Great Britain because the British soldiers shot without orders and killed five people for just harassing them. Paul Revere produced an engraving of the massacre, which was widely circulated.
What was the result of the Boston Massacre?
The massacre resulted in the death of five colonists. British troops in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were there to stop demonstrations against the Townshend Acts and keep order, but instead they provoked outrage. The British soldiers and citizens brawled in streets and fought in bars.
Who fired first at the Boston Massacre?
Private Hugh Montgomery was the first British soldier to fire in the Boston Massacre. According to many historic documents, he was also identified by many witnesses in the trial as the man who killed Crispus Attucks.
Why were Bostonians angry with the British troops?
The sudden rise in population by the British troops meant all food and fuel had to be spread more thinly. There were also constant clashes between the townspeople and British soldiers. Bostonians resented the military presence and the British looked upon the citizenry as unruly rabble.
What happened 1773?
It was on December 16, 1773 that American rebels disguised themselves as Indians and threw 342 chests of British Tea into the Boston Harbor, paving the way for the American Revolution. To learn what else happened on December 16, watch this video.
What caused the Boston Tea Party?
In simplest terms, the Boston Tea Party happened as a result of “taxation without representation”, yet the cause is more complex than that. The American colonists believed Britain was unfairly taxing them to pay for expenses incurred during the French and Indian War.