What was the Athenian government?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
What type of government did Athens have quizlet?
Terms in this set (48) Athens’ government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. Sparta’s government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athenians liked to trade.
Why was Athens called a democracy?
Athens was called a democracy because every citizen could take part in the city’s government. Laws had to be approved by the assembly. Every citizen was part of the assembly, which debated and voted on all laws.
What form of government did ancient Greece have?
Democracy in ancient Greece served as one of the first forms of self-rule government in the ancient world. The system and ideas employed by the ancient Greeks had profound influences on how democracy developed, and its impact on the formation of the U.S. government.
What caused the fall of Athens?
Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.
What problems led to the birth of Athenian democracy?
Correct: Debt slavery was forbidden, All free-born Athenian men had political rights, Ostracism was established as an official punishmentIncorrect: Philosophers, like Socrates, gained the right to free speech (Socrates lived during the Classical period.
Why did Athens and Sparta have different types of government?
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens‘ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
How was being a citizen of Sparta different from being a citizen of Athens?
Sparta: The Spartan government operated very differently than the Athenian government. Unlike Athens’s democracy, in which every citizen had a vote, Sparta had an oligarchic government (a government ruled by a few people). Also the assembly could only vote on yes-or-no laws, but could not debate issues.
What type of democracy did Athens have quizlet?
All citizens in Athens could participate directly in the government. We call this form of government a direct democracy.
Who started democracy?
Led by Cleisthenes, Athenians established what is generally held as the first democracy in 508–507 BC. Cleisthenes is referred to as “the father of Athenian democracy”.
What are the 3 pillars of Athenian democracy?
The democratic government of Athens rested on three main institutions, and a few others of lesser importance. The three pillars of democracy were: the Assembly of the Demos, the Council of 500, and the People’s Court. These were supplemented by the Council of the Areopagus, the Archons, and the Generals.
What were the key characteristics of Athenian democracy?
Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy. Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
What is Greek law?
Ancient Greek law consists of the laws and legal institutions of Ancient Greece. The general unity of Greek law shows mainly in the laws of inheritance and adoption, in laws of commerce and contract, and in the publicity uniformly given to legal agreements.
What is an example of a democratic reform practiced in ancient Greece?
What is an example of a democratic reform practiced in ancient Greece? Pericles encouraged direct democracy. It was a policy that said that citizens could participate in the government by giving their opinion at assemblies, electing public officials, and helping make decisions about war and foreign policy.
Did ancient Greece have kings?
From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first, the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died, another leader was selected to take his place.