What were the major characteristics of Athens?
Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis.
What was democracy in ancient Athens?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
What was democracy like in ancient Greece?
Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct. What this means is that all the citizens voted on all the laws. Rather than vote for representatives, like we do, each citizen was expected to vote for every law. They did have officials to run the government, however.
What feature is a part the direct democracy of ancient Athens?
Lastly, Athenian democracy was a direct democracy, rather than a representative one, meaning that all citizens had to vote on every issue, rather than electing a representative that they believed would make good decisions, and leaving most decisions other than elections to the representative to decide.
What are the 3 pillars of Athenian democracy?
The democratic government of Athens rested on three main institutions, and a few others of lesser importance. The three pillars of democracy were: the Assembly of the Demos, the Council of 500, and the People’s Court. These were supplemented by the Council of the Areopagus, the Archons, and the Generals.
How was life in ancient Athens?
The center of daily life in Athens was the home. Houses were very simple, in comparison to their public places, with few windows, doors, and pieces of furniture. Even food was simple. Bread and wine were served for breakfast and lunch with wine, fruits, vegetables, and fish were for dinner.
Why was Athens called a democracy?
Athens was called a democracy because every citizen could take part in the city’s government. Laws had to be approved by the assembly. Every citizen was part of the assembly, which debated and voted on all laws.
What are the 3 types of democracy?
Different types of democracies
- Direct democracy.
- Representative democracy.
- Constitutional democracy.
- Monitory democracy.
What are the 3 principles of democracy?
One theory holds that democracy requires three fundamental principles: upward control (sovereignty residing at the lowest levels of authority), political equality, and social norms by which individuals and institutions only consider acceptable acts that reflect the first two principles of upward control and political
What is a true democracy?
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. This differs from the majority of currently established democracies, which are representative democracies.
What did ancient Greeks look like?
Most Ancient Greeks have dark hair and dark eyes, even though blonde hair is often idolized and associated with Greek gods. Many Ancient Greeks described themselves as having a skin tone in the middle between pale and dark. Their hair is described as wooly.
What caused the fall of Athens?
Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.
What is the difference between Athenian democracy and modern democracy?
The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens.
How did Greece fall?
Rome declared war on Macedonia (northern Greece). They defeated Macedonia at the Battle of Cynoscephalae in 197 BC and then again at the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC. Rome continued its conquest of Greece. The Greeks were finally defeated at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC.
What problems led to the birth of Athenian democracy?
Correct: Debt slavery was forbidden, All free-born Athenian men had political rights, Ostracism was established as an official punishmentIncorrect: Philosophers, like Socrates, gained the right to free speech (Socrates lived during the Classical period.