What happened to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan?
After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. In 1518, he was appointed captain general of a new Spanish expedition to the American mainland.
What city did the capital of the Aztec Empire become?
Tenochtitlan was the capital city and center of the Aztec Empire. It was founded in 1325 and served as the capital until the Aztecs were conquered by Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes in 1520.
What was Mexico’s capital city called before?
The city now known as Mexico City was founded as Mexico Tenochtitlan in 1325 and a century later became the dominant city-state of the Aztec Triple Alliance, formed in 1430 and composed of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan.
What did the Spanish rename Tenochtitlan?
Once released from the central political control of Tenochtitlán, most towns surrendered to Cortés’s men. As a symbol of political continuity, the capital of the new colony was to be built squarely atop the ruins of Tenochtitlán and was renamed Mexico after the Mexica tribe.
What was the largest Aztec city?
The largest of them was Lake Texcoco. The Aztec built their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on Lake Texcoco. Built on two islands, the area was extended using chinampas—small, artificial islands created above the waterline that were later consolidated.
Did the Aztecs think Cortes was a god?
Many within the Aztec Empire came to believe that Cortés was Quetzalcoatl the god who would return to overthrow the god Tezcatlipoca, who demanded human sacrifice. Cortés was aided by an Indian woman La Malinche or Malintzin, who became an invaluable interpreter for and mistress and confidant of Cortés.
How were boys and girls treated differently Aztec?
The Aztec man had many privileges. They went to different and better schools than the girls when they were younger, thus making the boys have a better education than the girls. However, the down point of this was that you were treated rougher than the other children at the commoner’s schools.
What is the Aztec empire known for?
From their magnificent capital city, Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs emerged as the dominant force in central Mexico, developing an intricate social, political, religious and commercial organization that brought many of the region’s city-states under their control by the 15th century.
Why did the Aztecs built their city on a lake?
Tenochtitlan, the biggest Aztec city, was built on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. The Aztecs didn’t have any farmland, so they devised a way to create their own farmland, called chinampas. The mud that the Aztecs used to build the chinampas had lot of fertilizer for growing crops.
Is Mexico City the largest city in the world?
According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the second-largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere (behind São Paulo, Brazil), the eleventh-largest agglomeration (2017), and the largest Spanish-
Is Mexico City sinking?
Mexico City is sinking by an estimated one meter (3.2 feet) every year, while it simultaneously faces a water crisis. Without the water there, the sediments that the city was built on compressed a lot more,” Eddie Bromhead, a geotechnical engineer at U.K.-based Kingston University, explained to The Guardian.
Who found Mexico first?
500 Years Later, The Spanish Conquest Of Mexico Is Still Being Debated. An artistic rendering of the retreat of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, in 1520. The Spanish conquistador led an expedition to present-day Mexico, landing in 1519.
How many Aztecs were killed by disease?
Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language. Its cause, however, has been questioned for nearly 500 years.
Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?
Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE. Tenochtitlan was sacked and its monuments destroyed.
How many Aztecs did the Spanish kill?
More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.