‘Kiva’ is a Hopi word used to refer to specialized round and rectangular rooms in modern Pueblos. Chacoan kivas are round, usually semi-subterranean, and built into great houses. Like modern kivas, they were entered by a ladder from the roof down to the center of the kiva floor.
What was the purpose of a kiva?
Although a kiva’s most important purpose is as a venue for rituals, kivas can also be used for political meetings and casual gatherings of the men of the village. Women perform their rituals in other venues and rarely enter kivas. Kiva murals depict sacred figures or scenes from the daily life of the tribe.
What is a kiva ceremony?
A kiva is a ceremonial building used by Ancestral Puebloan people. Archaeologists identify ancient kivas based on a series of architectural characteristics. They can be round or square, subterranean, semi-subterranean, or at ground level. A sipapu in a kiva is a small hole thought to represent a door to the underworld.
What happens in a kiva?
A kiva is a space used by Puebloans for rites and political meetings, many of them associated with the kachina belief system. Among the modern Hopi and most other Pueblo people, kivas are a large room that is circular and underground, and are used for spiritual ceremonies.
What were kivas made of?
Kivas were constructed using wooden logs, adobe and stone. Adobe is a natural building material made from water, dirt and straw. The Ancient Pueblo builders used stones to make the walls of each room that were covered with a layer of smooth adobe.
What does the name kiva mean?
The name Kiva is primarily a female name of Irish origin that means Gentle, Kind, Beautiful. Americanized spelling of the Gaelic name, CAOIMHE.
What does the word kiva mean in English?
/ (ˈkiːvə) / noun. a large underground or partly underground room in a Pueblo Indian village, used chiefly for religious ceremonies.
Is a kiva a pithouse?
Kivas were built differently than pithouses. Kivas were round, and their roofs were supported by stone columns instead of wooden posts. These stone columns are called “pilasters.” The pilasters were built on top of a bench that curved around the inside edge of the kiva.
What does kiva mean in social studies?
(kē′və) An underground or partly underground chamber in a Pueblo village, used by the men especially for ceremonies or councils.
What is the origin of the design of the Anasazi kiva?
One component of the Anasazi community were the kivas. These structures were used for religious celebrations. This kiva is from the Sand Canyon Pueblo, Crow Canyon, in the Mesa Verde region and dates back to the 13th century. These pits, called kivas, served as religious temples for the ancient Anasazi.
What is a unique feature of a kiva?
‘Kiva’ is a Hopi word used to refer to specialized round and rectangular rooms in modern Pueblos. Chacoan kivas have formal features like fire pits, floor vaults, wind deflectors, and benches, and contain evidence of domestic as well as ritual life.
What is a kiva Mesa Verde?
Kiva is a Hopi word. At Mesa Verde, they were often round, underground rooms and tended to be small household kivas that were used for a mix of routine and special purposes such as a place to hold ceremonies. Throughout the year, kivas are used for the same purposes that they were in the time of the ancestors.
Are the pueblo still alive?
Although Pueblo people, as a group, no longer live in the Mesa Verde region, their presence is still felt through the remarkable material legacy their ancestors left behind. Today, however, more than 60,000 Pueblo people live in 32 Pueblo communities in New Mexico and Arizona and one pueblo in Texas.
Who burned the kivas?
The Spanish colonial governor of New Mexico and Catholic priests suppress the belief systems of the pueblos. Ceremonial dances are outlawed upon threat of death. Soldiers raid kivas (rooms used for religious rituals) and burn katsina masks (representing spirit beings) and other sacred objects.
What was a Sipapu?
A sipapu is a very small, round pit located north of the fire hearth in a pithouse or kiva. Sipapus are thought by some Pueblo Indians to represent the hole through which humans climbed into this world. People started building sipapus in pithouses during the Pueblo I period. They are still found in kivas today.
Did kivas have roofs?
workmanship invested in the masonry walls. These great kivas also rank among the largest ever built in Chaco. It appears, how- ever, that these earlier Pueblo I and II great kivas tended to have low roofs that could be supported by relatively slender columns.