How was representation solved during the Constitutional Convention?
Large and small states fought over representation in Congress. The “Great Compromise” allowed for both by establishing the House of Representatives, which was apportioned by populations, and the Senate which represented the states equally.
What was the biggest problem that the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 needed to solve?
The delegates arrived at the convention with instructions to revise the Articles of Confederation. The biggest problem the convention needed to solve was the federal government’s inability to levy taxes. That weakness meant that the burden of paying back debt from the Revolutionary War fell on the states.
What was the solution to the delegates hardest problem called?
The issue was ultimately resolved by the Great Compromise, the decision to create a bicameral legislature (one with two chambers). Representation in the lower chamber, the House of Representatives, was based on a state’s population with larger states having a larger delegation.
How did the great compromise solve the question of representation?
The Great Compromise solved the problem of representation because it included both equal representation and proportional representation. The large states got the House which was proportional representation and the small states got the Senate which was equal representation.
What were the 3 major issues at the Constitutional Convention?
The major debates were over representation in Congress, the powers of the president, how to elect the president (Electoral College), slave trade, and a bill of rights.
What was the reason for the Constitutional Convention 5 points?
To address the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation To debate whether or not to secede from Britain To draft and sign the Declaration of Independence To write a constitution increasing the power of the states.
What were the two biggest issues in creating the new US Constitution?
In May, 55 delegates came to Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention began. Debates erupted over representation in Congress, over slavery, and over the new executive branch.
What did the delegates disagree on?
How did the delegates disagree about representation in Congress? Delegates from larger states wanted the number of representatives that a state would have in both houses of Congress to be based on that state’s population. States with more people would have more votes in Congress. Smaller states disagreed.
What were the delegates worried about if they failed?
They complained that the six-year terms of senators were far too long. They demanded to know why delegates failed to include a declaration of individual rights.
What three issues divided the delegates?
The legislative branch would make laws, the executive branch would provide leadership and enforce laws, and the judicial branch would explain and interpret laws. Like the issue of political representation, commerce and slavery were two issues that divided the Northern and Southern states.
Why was the representation such a difficult issue to resolve?
Why do you think representation was such a difficult issue to resolve? States with more representatives in congress would have more voting power. Large states wanted to keep their power. Small states did not want large states to dominate the government.
What was the best congressional compromise from this lesson and why is it the best?
The Great Compromise settled matters of representation in the federal government. The Three-Fifths Compromise settled matters of representation when it came to the enslaved population of southern states and the importation of enslaved Africans. The Electoral College settled how the president would be elected.
Why does each state get 2 senators?
Under this plan, the Senate and the House would base their membership on the same proportional “right of suffrage.” That is, the number of senators in each state would be determined by its population of free citizens and slaves.
What is the best description of the Great Compromise?
The Great Compromise was an agreement made among the delegates to the Constitutional Convention that the American government would have two houses in Congress: the Senate where each state has two Senators, and the House of Representatives where each state has a number of Representatives based on population.
What is the great compromise and why is it important?
Neither the large nor the small states would yield, but the deadlock was resolved by the Connecticut, or Great, Compromise, which resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature with proportional representation in the lower house and equal representation of the states in the upper house.